By Graeme Hick
If you are starting construction on a commercial site, here is a safety checklist of what to wear, things you should do and actions you should avoid.
"What to wear" checklist:
-- Wear Safety Glasses or Face Shields, whichever suits better, to protect your eyes from harmful exposures like dust, chemicals, flying particles, smokes and what not - especially if your job involves welding, cutting, grinding, nailing, concreting and chemical-related works.
-- Use proper boots - insulated, water and skid proof - whatever protects you best. The right footwear protects you from skidding, crushing your feet, and being electrocuted.
-- Gloves are essential to safely deal with sharp objects and toxic substances. Put on those that are fit and right - welding gloves for welding, heavy-duty rubber gloves for concrete work, and insulated gloves and sleeves should work exposes you to electrical hazards.
-- Injury to the head is one of the most dangerous fatalities and one must wear a proper hard hat to avoid it. Do a regular check for dents or deterioration and replace it as soon as you find any.
-- Do a daily check on scaffolding to ensure its steady and solid with high weight capacity. Report to seniors and get it corrected if its damaged or weakened in any way.
-- Never use uneven surface and unsteady objects - loose bricks, barrels or concrete boxes - as base for scaffolding.
-- Avoid using scaffolding in bad weather: be it rain, snow or hailstorm.
Electric safety checklist:
-- Check all electrical tools and equipment regularly for defects and wear and tear. Replace the ones that are faulty in any way.
-- Only qualified and designated operators must have access to electrical equipment.
-- Keep construction materials, workers and equipment at least 10-feet away from electrical power lines.
-- Use double insulated electrical equipment. Ground them if they are not. Refrain from using Multiple plug adapters; it's dangerous!
-- Workers must be notified about dangerous areas and stuffs by marking them as such - put up posters, signage and barricades whatever is required. Heavy electric equipment, suspended loads, toxic chemicals, wet and slippery patches etc. are few such hazards that must be marked.
Crane, hoist and rigging equipment safety checklist:
-- Barricade/swing areas within the crane's swing radius.
-- See to it that load and speed limit is never exceed.
-- Conduct daily safety and maintenance inspection for crane machinery and other rigging equipment before they are put to use.
-- Only properly trained and qualified operators should have access to cranes, hoisting and rigging equipment.
-- Keep these machines well away from electric equipment and power lines.
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